Thursday, May 18, 2017

Ramadan Festival: Meaning, history and origin

Ramadan Festival

InshaALLAH, Ramadan Festival: Meaning, history and origin for those who want to know more about the festival, we can tell you that its origin is pagan, although it has become one of the most important celebrations of the Muslim religion.

The roots of Ramadan were developed in India and the Middle East. Where fasting was celebrated in honor of the moon and the completion of fasting took place with the appearance of the middle moon, which was practiced with the rituals of the worshipers of the east of the moon. Both Ibn al-Nadim and the Shahrastani speak of al-Jandrikinieh, an Indian sect that began to fast when the moon disappeared and ended the fast with a great feast when the crescent reappeared.

Ramzan festival history in English

The Sabeans, who were pagans in the Middle East, identified themselves with two groups, the Mandaeans and the Harranians. The Mandaeans lived in Iraq during the 2nd century after Christ and worshiped several gods, or those they called "personalities of light." Their gods were classified into four categories: "first life," "second life," "third life," and "fourth life." First they called ancient gods belonging to the category of "first life" who, in turn, created the "Second life", and so on.

The other group, considered as Sabeans, were the Harranians. Who worshiped the moon as their principal deity, as well as worshiping planets and other deities? The Sabeans were in contact with the Ahnaf, a group of Arabia, who joined Mohammed before he was a prophet. Ahnaf sought knowledge by going north to Iraq, where there were many communities of Mandaeans. They also went to the city of Harran, in the district of Al-Jazira in northern Syria on the border between Syria, Iraq and Asia Minor.

Ramadan origin history

In Mecca, the Ahnaf are called Sabeans because of the doctrines they have embraced. Later, when Mohammed claimed to be a prophet, Sabian was made by the inhabitants of Mecca, because they saw him perform many Sabian rites including the rite of prayer five times a day; performing various movements in prayer that were identical to the Mandaeans and the Harranians; And do the ablution, or washing ceremony, before each prayer. In the Koran, Muhammad called the Sabeans "people of the book" as Jews and Christians.

How did Ramadan come about?

Ramadan was a pagan ceremony practiced by the Sabeans, whether they were Harranians or Sabeos. From the writings of Abu Zanad, an Arab writer from Iraq who lived around AD 747, we come to the conclusion that at least one Mandean community located in northern Iraq practiced Ramadan. In addition, Ramadan was originally an annual ritual Held in the city of Harran.

Although Ramadan fasting was practiced in pre-Islamic times by Yahiliah's pagans, it was introduced into Arabia by the Harranians. Harran was a city on the border between Syria and Iraq, very close to Asia Minor, which, today, is Turkey. His principal deity was the moon, and in the worship of the moon, an important fast lasting for thirty days was carried out. It began on May 26 or 27 and usually ended on June 25. Arab historians, like Ibn Hazm, identify this fast with Ramadan.

Ramadan and its roots

The mythological roots relating to Harran’s and the celebration of the moon explains the disappearance of the moon after it was united with the cluster of stars, the Pleiades, in the constellation of Taurus. Something that occurred in the fourth week of May so people prayed to the moon, pleading for their return to the city of Harran, but the moon refused to return. This is believed to be the explanation of why this month is being helped. The moon did not promise to return to Harran, but it did promise to return to Deyr Kadi, a sanctuary near one of the gates of Harran. So after this month, the moon worshipers went to Deyr Kadi to celebrate and welcome the return of the moon.

In addition to the feast during Ramadan, the Harranians had five prayers repeated day and night. Each had to be led by cleansings, which were traditional washings. Then the same system of five daily prayers, preceded by ablutions, was embraced by Mohammed.

The Ramadan fast from Harran to Arabia may have occurred after the occupation of Nabonid by the king of Babylon in northern Arabia around 552 BC during his stay in the city of Teima. Nabonidus was from the city of Harran. He was a lunatic worshiper, Sin, and his mother was Sin's priest. He did not agree with the priests of Babylon, who considered the god, Marduk, as the head of the gods of Babylon. Nabonidus was anxious to spread the cult of Sin, the moon, as the chief deity. So he left his son in charge of Babylon and went to live in Teima in northern Arabia.

Ramadan pagan origins

In pre-Islamic times, Ramadan became a pagan ritual of Arabia and was practiced by pagan Arabs with the same characteristics as Islamic Ramadan.

Ramadan was known and practiced by pagan Arabs before Islam. Al-Masudi says that Ramadan got its name because of the warm weather during those months. 

It seems then that Ramadan was practiced in many cities in northern Arabia, where Nabonidus, the king of Babylonian Harranian, ruled. One of the cities it occupied was Yathrib, which later became Al-Medina. Mohammed imposed the fast of Ramadan, as well as the ritual of praying to Mecca instead of Jerusalem, after emigrating to Al-Medina, whose tribes worshiped to Mecca, just as it seems they used to fast during Arab Ramadan. Mohammed adjusted the ceremonies to suit the religious rituals and customs of the OAS and Jazray, the two tribes of Al-Medina who supported Muhammad in his wars against the Arabs. One of his ceremonies was a weekly religious feast every Friday. Mohammed made this day the religious day of Islam that we know today.

Also Check Ramadan 2017 Date Calendar Ramzan Fasting Timings Schedule

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